Jump to content

Heritage

The Museum’s new home will be built at the most authentic location possible: Kőbánya, the eastern, 10th district of Budapest was the industrial and knowledge centre of the once world-class Hungarian railway carriage production. As its name (‘Quarry’) indicates, first it were quarries and brick factories of the area that supplied the constructions of the expanding city, but food industry, vineyards and winemaking, beer breweries and pig farming were present there as well. After one of the first railway stations of Pest, the later Józsefváros Station was built by Kőbányai út (Kőbányai Street), it attracted workshops and factories producing railway vehicles, for example the Hungarian State Railways’ Main Depot and Machinery, and the Ganz Railway Carriage Works (later known as Ganz-MÁVAG).

The first factory to produce railway carriages on the specific site were the Hungarian-Swiss Railway Carriage Works, established in 1867. The Depot, soon becoming part of MÁV Hungarian State Railways, quickly developed into one of the biggest and most advanced in Budapest, producing and servicing electric and diesel engines, while also playing a major role in the maintenance of railway vehicle stock of the country. After production gradually declined, the former railway station became defunct, and finally the Maintenance Depot was closed in 2009.

Until now, surrounding brownfield area has served as temporary commercial and storage facility. However, the recent urbanisation of Hungária körút (Hungária Boulevard) and the functional changes of the brownfield zone started an upward transformation: a range of new cultural and sports projects are planned close by, and the 1 km2 Népliget (People’s Park) will soon be reconstructed as well. Synergies will support and reinforce the transformation and redevelopment of this part of the district.